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State Grades

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Findings


The following chart summarizes the findings of our examination of states’ criminal justice diversion efforts:

State
Percentage of population
served by a mental health court
 
Percentage of population
served by CIT
 
Average Percentage
Grade

 
 District of  Columbia

 
100%

 
100%


100%

 
 A+

 Utah 87% 97% 91%  A+
 Florida 67% 97% 82%  A
 California 78% 79% 79%  A
 Ohio 63% 88% 76%  A
 Connecticut 100% 37% 69%  B+
 Illinois 78% 59% 69%  B+
 Idaho 76% 58% 67%  B+
 Nevada 88% 37% 63%  B
 Washington 62% 63% 63%  B
 Colorado 35% 86% 61%  B
 Georgia 49% 70% 60%  B
 Maine 34% 83% 59%  B
 New Mexico 63% 50% 57%  B
 North Carolina 24% 87% 56%  B
 Arizona 21% 84% 53%  B-
 Minnesota 31% 70% 51%  B-
 Delaware 100% 0% 50%  B-
 Oklahoma 59% 40% 50%  B-
 Pennsylvania 60% 40% 50%  B-
 Oregon 54% 38% 46%  C+
 Kentucky 28% 61% 45%  C+
 Missouri 51% 38% 45%  C+
 Alaska 44% 44% 44%  C
 Hawaii 70% 12% 41%  C
 Nebraska 42% 40% 41%  C
 New York 75% 5% 40%  C
 Virginia 6% 70% 38%  C
 Texas 44% 27% 36%  C
 Wisconsin 11% 60% 36%  C
 Kansas 18% 49% 34%  C-
 Tennessee 16% 51% 34%  C-
 Indiana 25% 37% 31%  C-
 Maryland 30% 31% 31%  C-
 New Hampshire 40% 19% 30%  C-
 North Dakota 22% 34% 28%  D
 Michigan 48% 3% 26%  D
 Wyoming 0% 52% 26%  D
 Montana 17% 30% 24%  D
 Louisiana 8% 38% 23%  D
 New Jersey 7% 33% 20%  D
 South Carolina 27% 10% 19%  F
 Vermont 35% 1% 18%  F
 Alabama 34% 0% 17%  F
 South Dakota 0% 29% 15%  F
 Iowa 8% 13% 11%  F
 Massachusetts 13% 3% 8%  F
 Mississippi 2% 13% 8%  F
 Arkansas 10% 0% 5%  F
 West Virginia 9% 0% 5%  F
 Rhode Island 0% 0% 0%  F
National Average 48% 49% 49%  C+

 


 

The outlying performance of the District of Columbia, while certainly commendable, merits qualification. Because the District is a single jurisdiction, the only possible result for each practice was zero (no program), or 100%. The comparison to multi-jurisdiction states here is misleading.

Among the 50 states, only Utah, Florida, California and Ohio have very high prevalence rates for both of the measured diversion practices. Some other states have strikingly lopsided results: either laudable on mental health courts and paltry on CIT (New York, Delaware) or vice versa (Virginia, North Carolina).

The results are alarmingly bottom-heavy. One-third of the states earn grades of D or F based on an averaging of the two penetration rates. Several at the very bottom have little or no adoption of either practice (Arkansas, West Virginia, Rhode Island).